Difference between revisions of "Chapter 22--Fourier Series: Fundamental Period, Frequency, and Angular Frequency"

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==Period, Frequency, and Angular Frequency==
 
==Period, Frequency, and Angular Frequency==
[[Image:Sinewave.png|300px|thumb|right|Picture of a Sine Wave where f(x)=sin(x)<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sine.svg</ref>]]
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[[Image:Sinewave.png|450px|thumb|right|Picture of a Sine Wave where f(x)=sin(x)<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sine.svg</ref>]]
   
 
===Period===
 
===Period===
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<center>A signal <math>f(t)</math> is periodic if, for some <math>T > 0</math> and all ''t'',</center>
 
<center>A signal <math>f(t)</math> is periodic if, for some <math>T > 0</math> and all ''t'',</center>
   
<center><math>f(t+T) = f(t)</math><ref>Textbook, 22.1</ref></center>
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<center><math>f(t+T) = f(t)</math><ref>DeCarlo/Lin, Linear Circuit Analysis--Time Domain, Phasor, and Laplace Transform Approaches, Second Edition. Figure 22.1</ref></center>
   
 
Where T is the period
 
Where T is the period
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The '''fundamental angular frequency''' is defined as <math>\omega_0 = 2\pi f_0 = \frac{2\pi}{T_0}</math>.
 
The '''fundamental angular frequency''' is defined as <math>\omega_0 = 2\pi f_0 = \frac{2\pi}{T_0}</math>.
 
   
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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==Reviewers==
 
==Reviewers==
 
Brandon Vazquez
 
Brandon Vazquez
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  +
Ben Blackley
  +
 
==Readers==
 
==Readers==
 
Thomas Wooley
 
Thomas Wooley
  +
  +
Jaymin Joseph
  +
  +
John Hawkins

Latest revision as of 02:30, 20 January 2010

22 lines (currently)

1 reference

1 figure

123 points

Period, Frequency, and Angular Frequency

Picture of a Sine Wave where f(x)=sin(x)<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sine.svg</ref>

Period

Long long ago, in a high school class called trigonometry, we leaned about periodic functions. A periodic function is a function that repeats itself over and over for infinity. The period of the function is the distance of one iteration that is infinitely repeating.

A signal f(t) is periodic if, for some T > 0 and all t,
f(t+T) = f(t)<ref>DeCarlo/Lin, Linear Circuit Analysis--Time Domain, Phasor, and Laplace Transform Approaches, Second Edition. Figure 22.1</ref>

Where T is the period

The picture to the right shows the plot of the standard sine function whose period is 2\pi. What the plot does not show is that the line keeps extending and repeating the bumps and valleys over the whole x axis, or (-\infty,\infty). But wait! Can't the period also be 4\pi or 6\pi? In fact it can. Because the graph of sin(x) repeats itself every 2\pi units, the period of the function is actually 2\pi n where n is any whole number from zero to \infty

Frequency and Angular Frequency

The Frequency is the number of periods per second and is defined mathematically as

f = \frac{1}{T}

The standard unit of measurement for frequency is Hz (Hertz). 1 Hz = 1 cycle/second

The Angular Frequency is defined as

\omega = 2\pi f = \frac{2\pi}{T}

The standard unit of measurement for angular frequency is in radians/second.

Fundamental Period, Frequency, and Angular Frequency

The fundamental period is the smallest positive real number T_0 for which the periodic equation f(t+T) = f(t) holds true.

The fundamental frequency is defined as f_0 = \frac{1}{T_0}.

The fundamental angular frequency is defined as \omega_0 = 2\pi f_0 = \frac{2\pi}{T_0}.

References

<references />


Author

Andrew Roth

Reviewers

Brandon Vazquez

Ben Blackley

Readers

Thomas Wooley

Jaymin Joseph

John Hawkins