Basic Op Amp circuits

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Buffer Amplifier

Buffer Amplifier
  • Used to transfer voltage but not current to the following circuit. This amplifier can be used to negate the loading effects. No current flows through the amplifier, thus there is no voltage drop through the input resistor (going to the buffer amplifier).

Inverting Amplifier

Inverting Amplifier
  • Uses negative feedback to invert and amplify voltage. Using nodal analysis at the negative terminal, the gain is found to be -\frac{R_2}{R_1}
  • R_{bias}=\frac{R_1R_2}{R_1+R_2}
  • To get rid of unwanted DC components, a capacitor can be added inbetween R_1\, and V_{in}\,. In this case R_{bias}=R_2\,

Summing Amplifier

  • V_o=-R_f \left( \frac{V_3}{R_3}+\frac{V_2}{R_2}+\frac{V_1}{R_1}\right)
  • If all resistances are equal, then the output voltage is the (negative) sum of the input voltages
  • \frac{1}{R_{bias}}=\frac{1}{R_1}+\frac{1}{R_2}+\frac{1}{R_3}+\frac{1}{R_f}

Noninverting Amplifier

  • V_o=V_{in} \left(1+\frac{R_2}{R_1}\right)
  • R_{bias}=\frac{R_1R_2}{R_1+R_2}
  • R_{bias}\, goes between the positive terminal and V_{in}\,
  • To get rid of unwanted DC components, a capacitor can be added inbetween the positive terminal and V_{in}\,. The bias resistor has the same value, and is placed inbetween the positive input terminal and ground.

Differential Amplifier

  • V_o=V_2\frac{(R_1+R_f)R_g}{(R_2+R_g)R_1}-V_1\frac{R_f}{R_1}
  • If you let R_1=R_2\, and R_g=R_f\, then the equation simplifies to V_o=\frac{R_f}{R_1}(V_2-V_1)

Possible circuits to add in the future

  • Voltage-to-current converter
  • Current-to-voltage converter
  • Current amplifier
  • Integrator
  • Differentiator