Linear Time Invarient System
LTI System theory is a powerful and widely used concept in electrical engineering. It has applictions in circuit anlysis, control theory , and our main topic of interest signal processing.
LTI system properties
A system is considered to be a Linear Time Invariant when it satisfies the two basic criteria implied in its name, one it must be linear and two it must be time invariant. A Linear system is characterized by two properties superposition (additivity) and scaling (homogeneity). The superposition principal says that for any linear system a linear combination of solutions to the system is also a solution to the same linear system. The principal of scaling implies that if you adjust your scale an input by N amount, your output will also be adjusted by N amount. An example of a linear system then would be,
for any scalar values of A and B.
Time invariance of a system means that if any input is shifted by some amount of time T the out-put will also be adjusted by that amount of time. This implies that for,